sexta-feira, 15 de abril de 2011

Armas .

Incrível ! no Estado do Arizona o governador vai decidir se assina ou não uma lei permitindo que estudantes portem armas em universidades e faculdades !
A defesa é que os estudantes estarão mais capacitados a se defender de "mass killers" como o que ocorreu aqui  no Brasil em Realengo.
Parece que a conspiração por trás da lei vem de lobbystas (Gun rights advocates ) que tem como objetivo remover o estigma do uso de armas .
Usam como exemplo
a crescente "visibilidade" de casais de gays em público que levou a muitos Americanos a achar que homossexualismo não é errado. Eles apostam que o mesmo vai acontecer com as armas . O Editorial termina com pergunta abaixo: "Existe  melhor lugar para influenciar a posições das pessoas perante as armas do que  as instituições responsáveis por ensinar nossos mais preciosos valores e ideias ?
What better place to affect people’s attitudes about guns than the very institutions responsible for teaching our most cherished values and ideals?

Op-Ed Contributor - NYTimesThe Guns of AcademeBy ADAM WINKLER -Published: April 14, 2011
BY Monday, Gov. Jan Brewer of Arizona must decide whether to sign a bill partly lifting her state’s ban on guns on college and university campuses. Gun advocates insist that will make campuses safer by discouraging mass killers and giving students the ability to fight back. Gun control proponents warn the law will lead to more lethal violence.
Both sides are probably wrong. Gun violence at colleges and universities — there are fewer than 20 homicides on campus per year — will probably not be affected much, one way or another. What is really at stake is America’s gun culture.
Colleges and universities have long been gun-free zones. In 1745, Yale adopted a policy punishing any student who "shall keep a gun or pistol, or fire one in the college-yard or college." Today, most universities, public and private, prohibit anyone but authorized security and law enforcement officers from bringing guns onto campuses. Arizona would join Utah as the only states to require public colleges to permit guns on campus, but Texas and eight other states are considering similar laws.
Many find the idea of students with guns shocking. They fear that undergraduates are too young to handle firearms responsibly and that the presence of guns will lead to the deadly escalation of minor disagreements. Others worry about the volatile mix of guns and alcohol. Glocks don’t belong at a frat party.
Even if the bans are lifted, however, few students will tote guns around the quad. Under federal law, those under 21 cannot buy guns from a dealer. And most states require a permit to carry a concealed weapon. (Arizona only requires such a permit for persons under 21.)
As a professor, I’d feel safer if guns were not permitted on campus. I worry more about being the target of a student upset about failing grades than about a mass killer roaming the hallways.
But there is little evidence to support my gut feeling. Utah, for example, has not seen an increase in campus gun violence since it changed its law in 2006. And a disturbed student can simply sneak a gun on campus in his backpack, as the Virginia Tech killer did in 2007. Indeed, lost in the debate is the fact that guns, being easy to conceal, are almost certainly on campus already.
On the other hand, gun rights advocates are too quick to assume that laws allowing guns on campus will discourage mass murderers. Arizona has among the most liberal gun-carrying laws in the nation, but that didn’t prevent Jared L. Loughner from shooting Representative Gabrielle Giffords and killing six other people in Tucson in January. Nor did permissive carry laws lead to people defending themselves by shooting back. (Mr. Loughner was tackled and brought to the ground by unarmed bystanders.)
Even if a student with a gun can use it to defend against a mass murderer, it’s hardly clear that anyone, including the armed student, is made safer. Policemen or other students with guns might not be able to differentiate among gunmen, putting the person defending herself at risk of being shot by mistake. Even well-trained gun owners suffer enormous mental stress in a shootout, making hitting a target extremely difficult.
Gun control groups are fighting to retain the bans. This is one of the few areas in which they’ve had success in recent years. There have been more than 40 attempts to lift the bans in 24 states, and nearly all have failed. Even the proposed Arizona law was a victory of sorts, as the final bill omitted provisions allowing guns in classrooms; it would permit guns only on campus streets and sidewalks.
Yet gun rights proponents are redoubling their repeal efforts. They aren’t reacting to a wave of violence on campus. The true motivation is to remove the stigma attached to guns. Many in the gun rights movement believe there should be no gun-free zones and seek to make the public possession of firearms a matter of course. The protesters who last year carried guns into Starbucks shops and Tea Party rallies had the same goal. They weren’t expecting to defend themselves; they were aiming to build broader public acceptance of guns.
Exposure can breed tolerance. Arguably, that is exactly what’s behind the growing acceptance of gays and lesbians. The visibility of gay couples in society and popular culture has led many Americans to realize that homosexuality is not wrong. Gun advocates are betting the same can happen with firearms.
The strategy, however, is risky. Teenagers might begin to see carrying a gun as a mark of adulthood, like smoking and drinking. Without the maturity of age, they might turn to violence too quickly.
Gun rights advocates are willing to take these risks because colleges are where the next generation of America’s leaders will be produced. What better place to affect people’s attitudes about guns than the very institutions responsible for teaching our most cherished values and ideals?
Adam Winkler, a professor of law at the University of California, Los Angeles, is the author of the forthcoming "Gunfight: The Battle Over the Right to Bear Arms in America."
A version of this op-ed appeared in print on April 15, 2011, on page A27 of the New York edition.

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